Finds at Elmswell Farm

Explore the open archaeological data from our digs at Elmswell Farm

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  • Roman copper alloy penannular brooch found in neonate grave 4010, 4011

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Registered Find Basics


    • Copper alloy Roman penannular brooch, Fowler type C. Most of these brooches are dated 1st century BC to 1st century AD, although a few continue into the 2nd century and quite a number appear as re-used in Anglo-Saxon (early medieval) contexts. The brooch is oval with the complete pin still attached. the length of the pin suggests that it was designed to fit transversely across the length of the oval frame. The brooch frame is sub circular in section with a small gap in the circumference. The pin is made of copper alloy wire, pointed at one end and flattened at the other end where it is loosely secured to the frame of the brooch by being wound around it. The brooch still has a smooth patination but is undecorated. The terminals of the brooch are flattened and then curled into a hollow loop with grooves. Diameter 20mm, length of pin 24mm, width 3mm, weight 1.72g. Fowler type c brooches can demonstrate use and re-use in contexts dating from Late iron age up to 7th century AD and are most common in Lincolnshire and East Anglia. (Fowler, E., 1960; The origins and Development of the Penannular Brooch in Europe; Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society XXVI, pp 149-177). Similar to NMS-AE52F2 (PAS database).
      • Edwin Lambert
    • 2-6-2019

3-D Models

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  • Recommended that the brooch is illustrated

From Context

  • Context: ELM_4011
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    • Fill of small pit [4010], neonate burial
    • Georgina Haynes
    • 16-8-2018