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Contexts at Elmswell Farm

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Short Description:
Orangey brown subsoily mixed layer with flints in
Issued to
Nat Jackson | 27/08/2020
863

Interpretation

    • Probably an alluvial deposit, contained material from the mesolithic through to Roman.
      • Nat Jackson
    • 8-9-2020
    • 4 test pits were excavated into this material after an initial trowel back of the area. Three of the four test pits were located along the southern baulk of the trench with the fourth located towards the middle of the eastern area of the trench. Test pit 3 contained the most material, from mesolithic flakes to bronze age pottery to a roman nail. The later material (Roman) was higher up than the earlier material and then the final 20/30cm were pretty much sterile. Test pits 1, 2 and 3 were excavated to the natural. Test pit 4 was not excavated to the natural, a second layer was observed, (4122). Micromorphology samples were taken from this layer to confirm or deny whether this was indeed an alluvial deposit.
      • Nat Jackson
    • 29-9-2020

Sketch Photo

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Stratigraphic Matrix

Description

  • Moderately compact friable
  • Orange brown
  • Silty Clay
  • Occasional small stones, occasion charcoal flecks, occasional flints
  • Length - 7.50m Width - 5.00m All test pits were 1x1m Max depths in test pits = Test pit 1 - 0.33m Test pit 3 - 0.50m Test pit 4 - 0.15m
  • 4 test pits excavated into this material Test pit 2 not recorded as ran out of time due to inclement weather
  • Hand ex / wet

Finds

FindtypeQuantity (No. fragments)Weight (g)Notes
Flint 1 42 Possible worked core (Year 2020)
Flint 33 78 (Year 2020)
Slag 1 15 (Year 2020)
Ceramic Building Material 7 106 (Year 2020)
Stone 1 101 Possibly worked (Year 2020)
Other (add to description) 8 15 Indistinct material types (Year 2020)
Flint 42 150 (Year 2020)
Ferrous Object 2 10 Possible nail fragments (Year 2020)
Pot 6 24 (Year 2020)
Ceramic Building Material 7 100 (Year 2020)
Stone 8 450 7 small pieces (90g), 1 large piece (360g). (Year 2020)

Feature

  • No records attached.

Site Photos

  • Photo: ELM_200502
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    • N facing section of test pit
  • Photo: ELM_200505
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    • E facing section of test pit
  • Photo: ELM_200517
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    • E facing section of test pit
  • Photo: ELM_200518
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    • E facing section of test pit with micromorphs samples 19 & 20
  • Photo: ELM_200520
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    • E facing section of test pit with micromorphs samples 21 & 22
  • Photo: ELM_200522
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    • N facing section of test pit
  • Photo: ELM_200524
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    • N facing section of test pit with micromorphs sample 23
  • Photo: ELM_200906
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    • Post ex photo of trench 4 E
  • Photo: ELM_200952
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    • Bill excavating a test pit in trench 4 E

Samples

  • Sample: ELM_19
    • Nat Jackson
    • 30-8-2020
  • Sample: ELM_20
    • Caroline McNiven
    • 30-8-2020
  • Sample: ELM_21
    • Nat Jackson
    • 30-8-2020
  • Sample: ELM_22
    • Nat Jackson
    • 30-8-2020
  • Sample: ELM_23
    • Bill Balding
    • 30-8-2020

Objects

  • Find: ELM_101
    • file_image
    • Flint tool
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_107
    • file_image
    • A handmade everted prehistoric rim sherd with a, date range of 3500– 2900 BC decorated with impressed cord maggots arranged in a herringbone pattern, a motif repeated on the surviving neck.
    • Ceramic

Record Details

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  • Nat Jackson 27-8-2020
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Archaeology / In Your Hands
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