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Contexts at Elmswell Farm

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Short Description:
Topsoil
Issued to
Robert Hamer | 14/08/2018
302

Interpretation

  • No Interpretations

Sketch Photo

  • file_image
  • file_image

Description

  • Friable
  • Mid brown
  • Silt
  • 20% subangular stones, including flint, chalk and sandstone, poorly sorted
  • Length : 16.00 Width: 10.00 Depth : 0.29
  •  
  • JCB in nice dry weather

Finds

FindtypeQuantity (No. fragments)Weight (g)Notes
Animal Bone 7 28 Part of a left mandible from a pig. Part of left astralagus from sheep/goat. (Dr Hannah Russ, January 2019)
Lead Object 2 24
Shell 1 10 Oyster. Edible Oyster (Ostrea edulis) (Dr Hannah Russ, January 2019)
Ceramic Building Material 2 311 B/T - 1 sherd (6g). Brick - 1 sherd (299g) 60mm thickness. Roman. (Dr P Mills January2019)
Ferrous Object 2 107 Slag
Ferrous Object 1 3 Nail
Pot 3 2 Samian Ware. Body sherds possibly Central Gaulish (AD120-150) (IM Rowlandson and HG Fiske, January 2019)
Pot 31 310 Roman. A small group including a rim sherd from a Dressel 20 amphora (Southern Spanish), oxidised wares including a rim sherd from a bowl with a bifurcated rim and a rusticated grey ware sherd (AD120-150). Also 2 pieces of possible ceramic building material. (IM Rowlandson and HG Fiske, January 2019)
Pot 1 11 Prehistoric . Rim from a rock-gritted jar or beaker; fired black with wiped external surfaces. Iron Age. (IM Rowlandson and HG Fiske, January 2019)
Stone 6 49 Flint - 6 pieces naturally broken/unmodifed material (48.6g). (Discarded). (Dr JT Hogue December 2018)
Flint 15 44 3 blades 2.8g (1 complete; 3 edge damage and patinated): Mesolithic/early Neolithic. 1 end-and-side scraper (2.8g) complete:early Bronze Age (made form a thin primary flake and has semi-abrupt retouch forming a convex outline at the distal end and along the left margin. Made on a dark grey flint with speckled inclusions and has a thin buff-coloured cortex. Could be likened to an early Bronze Age thumbnail scraper, although the outline is relatively elongated and small "micro-scrapers" are also found in the Mesolithic (25.5 x 20.0 x 5.0 mm). 1 end-scraper (4.1g) complete, edge damage and patinated. (Made on an elongated flake and has a convex scraper edge that has been cursorily made with a semi-abrupt retouch. it has a few ting nicks along the edges that likely reflect incidental post-depositional damage. Heavily patinated. (31.9 x 21.7 x 7.8mm). 8 flakes (39.9g) 7 complete, 5 edge damage, 8 patinated mixed periods. 1 Notched piece (11.5g complete and patinated). Made on a chunk and has a shallow notch along one margin formed by an abrupt retouch. Has a few tiny nicks along the margin that likely reflect incidental damage following discard. It has a light patina and is made on mottled grey flint. (36.5 x 26.5 x 16.6mm not inherently datable, although is similar in condition and made on the same material as aflake likely dating from the Mesolithic/early neolithic). 1 retouched blade (1.8g complete and patinated) Broken at both ends and has a short abrupt retouch along both lateral margins. Likely broken or intentionally snapped prior to retouch. Moderately patinated with a dull white film covering most of the surfaces and made on a light yellowish-brown flint. (21.5 x 17.6 x 4.1 mm Mesolithic/early neolithic) (Dr JT Hogue December 2018)
Ferrous Object 4 28 1 nail (12g); 1 nail (4g); 1 nail shank fragment (3g); 1 miscellaneous fragment (9g) (Year 2020)
Shell 4 5 Oyster shell fragments (Year 2020)
Animal Bone 9 37 1 tooth, rest fragments or incomplete bones. Some show surface degradation.
Ceramic Building Material 14 618 Includes one piece of roof tile. (Year 2020)
Pot 11 200 Iron Age. 1 piece of rim with thumb mark impressions. (Year 2020)
Pot 11 121 Roman - body sherds. (Year 2020)
Pot 8 323 Rims and bases. (Year 2020)
Pot 20 203 Assorted sherds. (Year 2020)
Flint 1 182 Possible core. (Year 2020)
Flint 11 10 Flakes and bladelets. (Year 2020)
Flint 15 107 (Year 2020)
Slag 1
  • 6
  • 6
(Year 2020)
Ceramic Building Material 2 32 Floor surface. (Year 2020)
Animal Bone 4 36 Includes 1 large tooth. (Year 2020)
Flint 8 22 (Year 2020)
Pot 5 46 (Year 2020)
Pot 6 63 Roman (Year 2020)
Pot 23 194 Iron Age (Year 2020)
Ceramic Building Material 3 24 (Year 2020)
Flint 5 28 (Year 2020)
Pot 1 24 Iron Age rim with thumb mark impressions (Year 2020)
Pot 21 111 1 rim; 1 with incised decoration; 1 with incised decoration and with green glaze; 1 fragment of possible Samian. (Year 2020)
Pot 199 2159 Includes some Samian. (Year 2021)
Animal Bone 56 215 Includes teeth. (Year 2021)
Ceramic Building Material 13 140 (Year 2021)
Daub 5 23 (Year 2021)
Ferrous Object 10 113 Includes 4 nails. (Year 2021)
Flint 19 110 Includes 1 core. (Year 2021)
Shell 5 34 4 oysters. (Year 2021)
Slag 6 25 (Year 2021)

Feature

  • No records attached.

Site Photos

  • Photo: ELM_20009
    • South facing Pre Ex photo of trench 4
  • Photo: ELM_180594
    • file_image
    • Post-ex of trench 4. 2m scale.
  • Photo: ELM_180596
    • file_image
    • Post-ex of trench 4. 2m scale.
  • Photo: ELM_200006
    • file_image
    • West Facing Pre Ex photo of eastern area of Trench 4
  • Photo: ELM_200008
    • file_image
    • South Facing Pre Ex photo of eastern area of Trench 4
  • Photo: ELM_200010
    • file_image
    • North facing Pre Ex photo of trench 4
  • Photo: ELM_200019
    • file_image
    • South facing Pre Ex photo of trench 4, central - 2x2m scales
  • Photo: ELM_200024
    • file_image
    • Photo of Bill Balding
  • Photo: ELM_200160
    • file_image
    • S facing photo of Pre Ex of trench 4 W
  • Photo: ELM_200168
    • file_image
    • W facing photo of Pre Ex of trench 4 W (S end)
  • Photo: ELM_200926
    • file_image
    • As of 2020 hand santiser has literally become a ritual. Making site COVID safe.
  • Photo: ELM_200927
    • file_image
    • Central area of trench 4 is being cleaned (for the first time). From left to right: Bill, Rosalind, Rob, Caroline, David, Freya, Chris, Peter
  • Photo: ELM_200928
    • file_image
    • Trench being stripped. From left to right: Nat, Chris, Monty, Brendon.
  • Photo: ELM_200929
    • file_image
    • Day 1 is rained off. From left to right: Chris, Indie, Lisa, David, Nat, Ben.
  • Photo: ELM_200930
    • file_image
    • Caroline cleaning back the trench for the pre ex photos.
  • Photo: ELM_200931
    • file_image
    • Peter holding Roman pottery
  • Photo: ELM_200932
    • file_image
    • Features start to appear on site. Caroline and Bill discuss what they might be.
  • Photo: ELM_200934
    • file_image
    • Phillipa holding Roman pottery
  • Photo: ELM_200935
    • file_image
    • Micheal and Aaliyah cleaning back trench 4 W for a pre ex photo
  • Photo: ELM_200936
    • file_image
    • Aaliyah cleaning back trench 4 W for a pre ex photo
  • Photo: ELM_200937
    • file_image
    • Edwin holidng SF 85.
  • Photo: ELM_200938
    • file_image
    • Lee cleaning finds in the finds tent
  • Photo: ELM_200939
    • file_image
    • Edwin and Lee cleaning finds in the finds tent
  • Photo: ELM_200943
    • file_image
    • Freya holding pot
  • Photo: ELM_200945
    • file_image
    • Rosie and her mum Hannah holding pot
  • Photo: ELM_200946
    • file_image
    • Jennifer braving the Yorkshire weather
  • Photo: ELM_200947
    • file_image
    • Getting to site to discover the trench has become a pond.
  • Photo: ELM_200949
    • file_image
    • David recording F435. Camillo doing some last minute cleaning to trench 4 W before the post ex photos.
  • Photo: ELM_200953
    • file_image
    • Chris giving an end of day debreif
  • Photo: ELM_200954
    • file_image
    • Edwin has arrived!
  • Photo: ELM_200955
    • file_image
    • Chris teaching how to take record photos
  • Photo: ELM_200957
    • file_image
    • Ben filming a dig video

Samples

  • Sample: ELM_19
    • Nat Jackson
    • 30-8-2020

Objects

  • Find: ELM_25
    • file_image
    • A late Roman/ early medieval copper alloy perforated strip
    • Copper Alloy
  • Find: ELM_30
    • file_image
    • Neolithic flint circular scraper
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_39
    • file_image
    • Copper alloy plate possibly Roman or early modern in date.
    • Copper Alloy
  • Find: ELM_41
    • file_image
    • Roman copper alloy coin of the emperor Valens dated to AD364-378.
    • Copper Alloy
  • Find: ELM_74
    • file_image
    • Prehistoric flint scraper
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_75
    • file_image
    • Flint flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_76
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_77
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_78
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_79
    • file_image
    • Flint flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_80
    • file_image
    • Flint flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_81
    • file_image
    • Flint flake found by Caroline Mcniven
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_82
    • file_image
    • Flint flake found by Caroline Mcniven
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_83
    • file_image
    • Flint flake found by Peter Woodmansey
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_84
    • Copper alloy object with a circular perforation.
    • Copper Alloy
  • Find: ELM_85
    • file_image
    • Copper-alloy sheet cut into triangular shape with shaped corners.
    • Copper Alloy
  • Find: ELM_86
    • file_image
    • Flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_87
    • file_image
    • Flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_88
    • file_image
    • Flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_89
    • file_image
    • Flint flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_90
    • file_image
    • Flint flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_91
    • file_image
    • Handmade possible prehistoric pottery sherds
    • Ceramic
  • Find: ELM_92
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_93
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_94
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_95
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_96
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_97
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_98
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_99
    • file_image
    • Flint
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_100
    • file_image
    • Flint scraper
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_102
    • file_image
    • Flint flake/ scraper
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_103
    • file_image
    • Flint debbotage flake
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_108
    • file_image
    • Possible worked neolithic flint flake
  • Find: ELM_109
    • file_image
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_110
    • file_image
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_111
    • file_image
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_112
    • file_image
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_113
    • file_image
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_114
    • file_image
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_115
    • file_image
    • Decorated Samian
  • Find: ELM_116
    • file_image
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_117
    • file_image
    • Prehistoric? Pot
  • Find: ELM_118
    • file_image
    • Worked flint
  • Find: ELM_119
    • file_image
    • Worked flint
  • Find: ELM_120
    • file_image
    • Worked flint
  • Find: ELM_121
    • file_image
    • Flint scraper
  • Find: ELM_122
    • Flint flake
  • Find: ELM_123
    • file_image
    • Worked flint
  • Find: ELM_124
    • Worked flint
  • Find: ELM_125
    • file_image
    • Worked flint flake found by Poppy Hullah (DigCamp)
  • Find: ELM_126
    • file_image
    • Worked flint
  • Find: ELM_127
    • file_image
    • Possible late neolithic pottery
  • Find: ELM_128
    • file_image
    • Flint flake
  • Find: ELM_129
    • file_image
    • Small flint flake
  • Find: ELM_130
    • file_image
    • Worked flint blade
  • Find: ELM_131
    • Flint found by poppy Philips
  • Find: ELM_133
    • file_image
    • Flint found by Samuel Novak
  • Find: ELM_134
    • file_image
    • Flint found by Joseph Clark
  • Find: ELM_136
    • Worked flint found by Lucas Atkin (Friday AM DigCamp)
  • Find: ELM_137
    • Worked flint found by Hermione Atkinson (Friday AM DigCamp)
  • Find: ELM_138
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_141
    • file_image
    • Worked flint found by Vanessa Fallon (Saturday AM DigCamp)
  • Find: ELM_145
    • file_image
    • Roman coin Vespasian??
  • Find: ELM_147
    • file_image
    • Flint found by Thomas Cavanagh Gonzales
  • Find: ELM_148
    • Flint
  • Find: ELM_155
    • Flint flake

Record Details

  • Not set
  • Robert Hamer 14-8-2018
  • - - - -
  • - -
Archaeology / In Your Hands
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